Best Doctor for Peripheral Vascular Disease in Borivali

What is peripheral vascular disease?

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), is a progressive circulation disorder characterized by the narrowing, blockage, or spasms in blood vessels.

Blood flows from the heart to every organ system in blood vessels known as arteries, while blood travels back to the heart in blood vessels known as veins.

PVD can affect any blood vessel outside of the heart, including arteries and veins, however arteries are more commonly affected, hence it is also known as a peripheral arterial disease (PAD).

Insufficient blood flow caused by PAD can impact various organs, but the condition predominantly affects the legs and feet.

peripheral vascular disease

What are the causes of peripheral vascular disease?

Peripheral artery disease is often caused by a buildup of fatty, cholesterol-containing deposits (plaques) on artery walls known as atherosclerosis. Plaque reduces the amount of blood flow to the limbs. It also decreases the oxygen and nutrients available to the tissue. As plaque builds up, your blood vessels get narrower and narrower, until they’re blocked. Blood clots may also form on the artery walls, further decreasing the inner size of the blood vessel and block off major arteries.

Less common causes of peripheral artery disease include:

  • Blood vessel inflammation
  • Injury to the arms or legs
  • Changes in the muscles or ligaments
  • Radiation exposure
  • Infection

People with coronary artery disease (CAD) often also have PVD.